This study is an analysis of isternational aid and governance, using the Uzbek mahallaorganisatin as a case. The study stress that the strong local authorities developed by state may establish a system of monitoring and inspection for both internationanl aid and the institutions organize it. In this study first of all, the traditional role of Uzbek Mahalla organization and their establishment during the Soviet period is discussed, then its legal and functional role after the indipendance of Uzbekistan is searched. Finally, the role of Uzbek mahalla organization in terms of distribution of international aid is analysed. The study is concluded by pointing out that Uzbekistan constitutes a good example of how a state faces problems in terms of collaboration with non-governmental organizations for governance and the distribution of international aid, that the non-governmental organizations do not play an important role where they are not supported well by state, and therefore they can only play a role of social observer, like the Uzbek mahalla organizations.