Socio-economic oriented development studies made within the period we called as the “planned period” and “neo-liberal period” up to date since 1923 resulted in considerable changes on the societal structure and particularly on the family and the women in Turkey. Inflation increase based on economic structure and domestic migration and particularly patriarchal societal structure based on industrialization and urbanization have been effective on the women’s education. In this study, societal factors affecting the women’s education status are overviewed in respect of societal change by means of econometric model and according to structural-functional point of view from the year 1923 up to date. Accordingly, it was noted that the most effective variable-planned development period on model basis on the women’s education and caused an increase of 6% in the women’s education level. However, as for the liberal period, there was no considerable effect on the women’s education level in Turkey.