It is essential that rural migration is an issue that needs to be discussed with the economic and social dimensions of whether it is a problem or not. However, rural migration is seen as a part of the socio-economic developments after the Industrial Revolution and as a result it has completed the process especially in the developed countries. But this kind of migration in late industrializing countries such as Turkey and is recognized as an acceptable approach often posed a problem. However, this problem is a matter that needs to be addressed in various aspects of how and how it has gained a dimension with today's urbanization and declining rural population. In this study the causes and consequences of rural migration in Turkey made a short evaluation of the 1950 until today that there is a problem of rural migration in Turkey is intended to open up discussions with the various aspects.