INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HUMANITIES SCIENCES RESEARCH (JSHSR)

Abstract


THE REFLECTIONS OF ANZAC SPIRIT AND NATIONAL IDENTITY IN BRUCE SCATES’S NOVEL: ON DANGEROUS GROUND, A GALLIPOLI STORY

This paper is part of a research project entitled “Fictional History Writing: Gallipoli Campaign in Contemporary British Commonwealth Novel” funded by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, 2015). The aim of the project is to study representations of Gallipoli Campaign in contemporary British, Australian and New Zealander novels written between 1915 and 2015, in which the history of the Gallipoli Campaign is recreated. Gallipoli War, one of the bloody battles of World War I, was a milestone for both Turkish and Australian histories. Australia became independent in 1901 and its first battle was the Second Boer War in South Africa as a dominion of the Great Britain. However, Gallipoli War was the founding moment of Anzac Spirit and national identity for Australia and New Zealand. As a result of the call of the motherland- Great Britain- and in order to prove herself to the big states of that period, Australia sent their sons with no experience of war to the other edge of the world- to death- volunteerly. Although the war ended with a certain victory of Turks and they left their beloved sons in the carnage of Gallipoli, courage, bravery, mateship, loyality, endurance, good humour and sacrifice became the characteristics of being an Anzac and inherited to every Australian. In this article, On Dangerous Ground, A Gallipoli Story by Bruce Scates was examined in terms of National Identity and Anzac Spirit. It should be noted that the novel takes place in three different times ( 1915, 1919 and 2015) and was written under the lights of New Historicism.



Keywords
Anzac Spirit, National Identity, Gallipoli Campaign, World War I, New Historicism



References

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