In order to provide food supply safety it is one of the agricultural policies to encourage and develop the livestock throughout the world, including the developed and developing countries. What makes livestock sector important all over the world is the fact that it is the leading agricultural sector that will meet food consumption of increasingly growing world population. In order that the livestock could achieve a sustainable development in the future, the farmers must be successful in working capital management. For the success of working capital management it is also important to identify and manage the risks that the farmers will encounter. Despite the identification of the risks, these risks, however, could not always be managed while operating. In the risks management it is necessary to do researches at the macro level and offer different strategies. This study done in this context, identifying the risks that the farmers encounter in KOP region in Turkey and South Kazakhstan, Jambul and Almaty in Kazakhstan, provide information to manage optimally the risks of farmers of two regions depending on interregional risk differences. In this study the risks that the farmers of two regions encounter have been classified as human, climatic, biological, sectoral and financialrisks and compared.