XX. With the establishment of nation-states in the Islamic World, especially in the Middle East, since the first quarter of the century, national regional identities were replaced by the nation-state by replacing the ummah, which was a religious social imagination and sense of belonging. Nation-states in the Middle East, which have authoritarian and personalized powers, are forced to be resolved by revitalizing ethnic and sectarian awakening in line with globalization as a threat to the widespread understanding of sovereignty. While the old world order is preparing the end of the empires by breaking the empires over the nation-states, the new world order likewise witnesses the policies for the production of new nation-states in order to break up the nation-states. developments concerning the Kurdish problem in Turkey has clearly made it clear that the problems experienced by the nation-state. Turkey in the nation last year until the day of the establishment of the state of the nation-state form with specific characteristics in the structure does not allow pluralism produces constant tension and conflict. Thus, both the Kurdish problem in Turkey, as well as the nation-state of the country, can be resolved in the appropriate form in the Middle East region with a possible revision so as to adapt to the new conditions. In this regard, the main argument of this article is that there are serious problems in the nation-states in the Middle East and one of the most important of these problems is the Kurdish problem, and this problem cannot be solved with security-indexed approaches from the authoritative perspectives of the existing nation-states and they will not disappear in the short term. Qualitative research method based on the literature review was used in the study.