INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HUMANITIES SCIENCES RESEARCH (JSHSR)

Abstract


ROLE OF NATURE IN THE FORMATION OF ORGANIK ARCHITECTUR

Nature is the creation of God, the greatest architect of all, and has been a superb inspiration for most architects. Historically, humans have looked at natural elements as vital structural factors since they began building shelters, residences, workplaces, or any other constructed space. In fact, architecture has intentionally covered two concepts of form and function during this historical era. Utilizing natural forms in architecture is a clue to human’s tendency toward the creation and its impacts. In other words, nature’s forms were of reverence and sanctity in different cultures and among different people both functionally and aesthetically. For instance, animals and birds possessed a particular sacredness due to the cultural background they had in different societies and different creeds. Being related to nature is among the most essential conditions of being an artist. Artist is a human and human in nature. The human is part of nature and is in nature.

Nature affects almost all the strategies aiming to reach architectural creativity. Nature is omnipresent, unclassifiable and an indispensable tool for inspiration. Nature is indeed present in metaphors, mimicry formability, and even in architectural materials. The present paper attempts to highlight the romantic, tangible, and intangible aspects of nature and elaborates on the concept through views prominent designers and architects have on dealing with nature. The paper in fact intends to emphasize tangible aspects and mimicry teachings of nature along with the need for getting accustomed to experiencing diverse natural environments and nature-based drawing drills. The paper also attempts to investigate and express the geometry of elements in nature and the order among them through scrutinizing objective samples in nature. To get a better understanding of the elements and the order among creatures either animals or minerals ranging from simple and basic geometrical relations among nature and its parts to complexities concerning chaos among them are discussed.



Keywords
Nature, Landscape architecture, Organic architecture, Fractal geometry, Chaos theory



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