Throughout the history of mankind, prophets have tried to reclaim society and have struggled to bring them back together with their human values. These efforts have often been met with reaction, with consequences resulting in violent clashes between the communities to which they are sent as prophets. There is no doubt that the pioneer of the opposition against the prophets has made the elite, rich and prosperous level of the elders of the society. As the last prophet, Hz. The situation that Muhammad (pbuh) faced was not different from the fate of the previous prophets. The Prophet who invited the Mecca community, born and raised in Islam, The Prophet compared the aristocrats with a violent opposition. This conflict between the two sides is necessary in many ways to investigate. One of these areas is the debate that takes place at the point of religious belief. The elders of Mecca were strongly opposed to the basic principles of Islam, primarily tawhid, religion and the believer in the hereafter. What they defied against Islam was the traditions and beliefs they had inherited from their ancestors. In this study, the religious behaviors exhibited by the elders of Mecca in the face of the invitation of Islam will be examined in the context of the verses of the Qur'an.