Art has an effective communication language since the caves where the first examples of visual communication took place. In addition, art has many functions such as being educational for people, being a guide, being a means of communication, and expressing what is not said in society. The effects of art, which is a part of the lives of societies, are very important at every level of social life. After the brutal invasion of Poland by Hitler, the art of posters, which played an important role in the resurrection of life, maintained its importance during the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. Poster art, which is part of graphic design, has contributed to the formation and development of the socio-cultural structures of societies, as well as pioneering the emergence of radical changes in these societies. This research aims to examine the path followed by the art of poster art, which shapes the future of the country, while the foundations of Poland are being laid again, during the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. In poster designs, an examination was carried out in terms of the way followed during the establishment of societies and the messages to be given, and similarities and contrasts were examined.